|By this age your toddler will be walking and running around on their own. Just make sure they are not running too far away from you and certainly not running around roads with traffic.|
|Exercise is also beneficial for growing bodies, just as play is natural and it helps to develop the muscles and nerves that work to move legs and arms.
It is good to encourage small children to play with a soft ball - throwing and catching with them can be fun for both you and your child. And let them use a climbing frame safely - but not go too high.
For a 2 years old infant, it is better to choose a ball that is made from soft material rather than an adult-sized football or tennis ball. They are still not strong enough to kick those.
Do form the habit of playing with the child around the same time of day - either in the morning or afternoon but not too close to bedtime. Show the toddler how to balance on one foot while holding your hand, and teach skipping in the same way. It helps if the child has friends to play with. Don't worry if the child gets dirty when playing, don't discourage by admonishing them constantly - dirt will wash off. And children need to develop in as natural a way as possible. Small children should be active for at least 60 minutes each day - but it doesn't have to be all at once, match the exercise to the child's needs.
Training your baby to urinate or defecate in the toilet or potty can be started at the age of 18 to 24 months, when the child is ready. As with all aspects of child rearing your encouragement and patience are invaluable and although you may have to persevere with teaching them to dress themselves and go to the toilet unaided they will learn.
It may take anything from 3 to 6 months for a child to be potty-trained. There are different types of potties, some can be placed onto the adult toilet bowl, other potties sit on the floor. Some children learn quicker than others.
As a general rule when a child can pull down their own pants by themselves and who 'need to go' at intervals of around 2 hours then are ready for toilet training. Boys usually take longer than girls to do this.
Teach your toddler to flush the toilet under supervision, and avoid making it into a game - otherwise you may find other things will get thrown into the bowl!
By now, most children will accept solid foods when they are offered. Just introduce the food a little at a time. If the child balks at taking a new food then try feeding in a different location, or by putting the child in a new position, onto a high chair for example. Above all, keep calm. Babies and infants pick up on our tension and become fractious as they become more tense themselves.
|The key to success is patience and experimentation.|